HISTORICAL SITES TO VISIT IN KOS ISLAND
There are many interesting sightseeing spots in Kos, including the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, the Sanctuary of Asclepius (Asklepieion), the Ancient Agora, the temple of Apollo in Kardamena, Nerantzia Castle (or Castle of the Knights) at the port and the Fortress in Antimachia. Kos is most famous for being the birthplace of Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine. The tree that he once taught under, the Hippocrates Plane Tree, still stands Kos Town and is revered by hundreds of visitors each year. Locals believe the tree to have been planted by the father of medicine himself.
It was constructed with local stone and with the remains of ancient constructions and buildings. Until today it still shows a number of blazons on the masonry, some columns, bases and architraves. Last but not least, on a small hill above Antimachia village, to the south of Kos Town lies the Venetian Castle, known as the Castle of Antimachia. It was built in the early 14th century by the Order of the Knights of Saint John but works were intensified in the end of the 15th century, particularly in 1494 as it can be seen at the inscription above the main gate.