MASTIHA: THE UNIQUE “WHITE GOLD” OF GREECE
Considered as a natural medicine, mastiha was used from the ancient times in oral hygiene. People used it for their oral hygiene to clean their teeth and freshen their breath. Today is the material that dentists use for fillings. Well-known for its therapeutic qualities against Helicobacter pylori and its antimicrobial, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, anti-Crohn and anti-cancer activity, it is an active ingredient in many today’s pharmaceutical remedies and cosmetic productions.
With a vulnerable impact in our everyday lives, mastiha is also widely known for the mystery around its production. It is only in Mastihochoria, on the southern side of Chios, where mastic trees thrive and resin is produced. Any attempt to replant them has failed. Thus, Chios mastiha is a product protected by the European Union as a Protected Designation of Origin product (PDO). In the area of Mastihochoria, man can find the Chios Mastic Museum aims to showcase the mastic tree’s cultivation and the production of the resin.